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Shillong became the capital of the then Assam under the Chief Commissioner upon taking away its management from the Lieutenant Governor of Bengal vide Proclamation No.379 dated 06.02.1874 and Notification No.380 issued by the Governor General in Council. In the same year, in April, the Scheduled Districts Act, 1874 was enacted and the entire Assam under the Chief Commissioner was declared to be Scheduled Districts.

On 11th September, 1968 the Government of India announced a scheme for constituting an autonomous State within the State of Assam comprising certain areas specified in Part A of the table appended to paragraph 20 of the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution.